The field of medical studies has witnessed widespread development over the years. The medical profession is constantly refurbished by new ideas and new technologies.
Course structure of MBBS:
The entire course of MBBS is divided into 3 sections (Ist MBBS - 1year, IInd MBBS - 1.5 years and IIIrd MBBS - 2 years).
Ist MBBS has 3 main subjects in it. Anatomy, Physiology and Bio-Chemistry.
IInd MBBS has 4 main subjects. Pathology, Pharmacology, Micro-biology, Forensic Medicine.
IIIrd MBBS is divided into 2 parts. Part I consists of SPM (Social and Preventive Medicine), Opthomology and ENT. Part II consists of Medicine, Surgery, Paediatrics and Gyanacology.
Social and Preventive Medicine:
It deals with Ear, Nose and Throat related diseases.
Today the foucs of medicine is an specialization and even super - serializations within specialist areas. Thus climbing the ladder of success is more complicated and arduous then even before. But the positive aspect is that the opportunities for medical aspirants have multiplied . The diagnosis and treatments that was earlier handled singly by the general practitioner is today divided amongst a posses of specialists and with better results. Thus, specialization is inevitable for the medical students who seeks to carve a niche for himself in this profession.
The major areas of specification are:
General Medicine : these practitioners usually perform the role of the family doctor. They diagnose and treat the every day and sundry ailments. In the event of an intractable sickness, the general practitioner recommends specialist intervention. Qualification: An MBBS degree with a 3 year M.D course in General Medicine or a Postgraduate diploma course in General Medicine.
Anaesthesiologists: Assest in the surgical process to make the surgical procedure as painless as possible.
General Surgery: is a speciallisa- tion where the doctor is trained in Surgery for all organs of the body. The surgeon can latter opt to specific areas. Performance of surgery and post operative care are the forte of the general surgeon. Qualification: MBBS with a 3 years MS Course .
Paediatrics: is a specialized area in medicine that focuse on diagnosis and treatment of children's diseases. Qualification: MBBS +3 year course in Paediarics Cardiology: studies the disease related to the heart and the Circulatory system. Qualification: MBBS +3, years course in cardio-thoracic surgery.
Obstetrics - Gynecology: Studies the diagnosis and treatment of conditions specific to the female reproductive system. Qualification : MBBS + MS in Obstetrics & Gynaecology .
Neurology: treats diseases and diseases and disorder related to the brain and the nervous system. Qualification: MBBS + MS in Neurosurgey.
Dermatology: focuses on problems related to the Skin. Qualification: MBBS + MD in Dermatology.
Ophthalmology: Is the treatment of diseases to the eye. Qualification: MBBS + MD / MD in Ophthalmology .
ENT / Ear Nose Throat Specialist : treat disorders of the Ear , Nose and Throat. Qualification: MBBS + MD in psychiatry.
Psychiatry: Is the branch of that specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders. Qualification: MBBS + MD in Psychiatry.
Pathology: Is the branch if medicine that investigates the cause of various diseases and the possibilities for their presentation. Qualification: MBBS + MS in Pathology.
Other specialization available are community medicine, physiology , venereology, communicable diseases, anatomy, plastic surgery, nephrology, urology, endocrinology, hematology, etc.
Doctors with post graduation can venture further a field and do a Ph.D in any specialized area of medicine . Those who process MD / MRCR . MS/ FRCS/ an complete the Doctoral programme in 2 years. For those who have an M.Sc in Medicine, the Ph.D programme takes 3 years.
Job Market : Employment opportunities exist in hospitals, nursing homes, polyclinics, health centers, Medical Colleges and Research Instruction. These is also scope for self employment